Oxidative stress: the cell wear we all suffer from

Oxidative stress: the cell wear we all suffer from

Identifying the causes and symptoms of oxidative stress can aid prevention or possible treatment. There are non-invasive methods that benefit the body and reduce damage.

Oxidative stress is cell wear. Although we all suffer from it at different levels, it appears in the body when cells have a higher level of oxidation. That is, in some people oxidation occurs faster than usual, triggering different conditions and even diseases. The effects of oxidative stress can be more easily felt on the skin and hair, but are present throughout the body.

In more complex words, oxidative stress is the result of excess oxygen free radicals in the body. Free radicals are species with one or more unstable unpaired electrons that generate a reaction with other molecules causing new free radicals. When antioxidants are not enough to counteract free radicals and their number increases, oxidative activity in the cell increases. Then a structural and functional change becomes evident that accelerates the aging and death of the cell.

Identifying the causes and symptoms can help prevent it or achieve possible treatment:


Oxidative stress affects the activity of mitochondria reducing our energy, since the body uses it to try to repair the damage. The main symptoms of an organism affected by oxidative stress are:

  • Premature aging
  • Less smooth skin
  • Wrinkles
  • Spots on the skin
  • Eye bags
  • Brittle hair
  • Cardiovascular system involvement
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Heart failure
  • Lower resistance to exercise
  • Muscular weakness
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Stiffness and inflammation
  • Emotional instability
  • Memory disorders and problems

Although most of these symptoms are related to the normal aging of the body, it is a red flag when they occur prematurely or markedly. As a consequence, oxidative stress can be associated with some diseases: premature aging, atherosclerosis, hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases, cataracts and other eye diseases, asthma and other conditions of the respiratory system, kidney failure, diabetes, obesity, autism, among others.

To avoid any of these outcomes, it is essential to recognize causes and symptoms to establish a diagnosis in time and indicate an appropriate treatment. One of the non-invasive methods, which are used as a treatment, is hyperbaric oxygenation, which acts as a regulator of oxidative stress.

The Hyperbaric Oxygenation Treatment (HBOT) generates a strong hyperoxia stimulating the increase of reactive oxygen species. Of these reactive species, a small percentage constitutes free radicals, but an even larger percentage produces a compensatory increase in antioxidant species.

Biochemist Liliana Jordá Vargas from BioBarica (MN 9084) assures that “HBOT induces protection against oxidative stimuli, generating a net increase in antioxidant defenses with a positive antioxidant balance that benefits the body. Damage is reduced and oxidative stress on tissues is leveled as a collateral protective effect in aging and diseases with a chronic inflammatory base”.

In this way, HBOT reduces effects on damaged tissue, eliminates ischemia (which produces free radicals), reduces edema, moderates inflammation, improves immune function and activates the production of antioxidant enzymes to compensate for oxidative stress.

How does hyperbaric oxygenation treatment work?

It is a medical treatment that can be indicated to obtain therapeutic physiological benefits both in the prevention of different pathologies and in the treatment of critical illnesses. The patient is admitted to a hyperbaric chamber pressurized to a minimum of 1.4 ATM atmospheres (higher than normal ambient atmospheric pressure, which is 1 atmosphere) and is administered oxygen close to 100% through a mask. This gas is transported to the blood, and manages to reach even damaged tissues.

To obtain maximum efficacy in the treatment, both the duration and the number of sessions and their periodicity must be indicated by the specialist doctor.

Advised: Liliana Jordá Vargas- Biochemist at BioBarica. (MN 9084)

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