How to grow ferns: instructions for growing ferns at home or in the garden, types of ferns and popular varieties.
Types of ferns
First, a big distinction is made by grouping two different categories oftypes of ferns: tree ferns and herbaceous ferns. The easiest to grow at home and in the garden are herbaceous ferns and are also the most common. Tree ferns are rare to find for sale, and they also adapt poorly to the home environment and need a lot of attention in the garden.
Herbaceous ferns, on the other hand, are suitable for everyone, even those who don't have a green thumb! They are easy to grow indoors and look very elegant.
How to grow ferns
Thefernsthey are beautiful even if they do not flower. Therecultivationof these plants is within everyone's reach, you just have to respect some basic rules.
The ideal temperature to allow a good growth of the plant is included in a range that goes from 15 ° C to 25 ° C.
The ideal soil for cultivating ferns in pots is given by a mixture, in equal parts, of sand and peat added to 50% of universal soil, all with the addition of chopped bark.
Where to grow ferns? At home or in the garden, planting plants suitable for the environment. In fact, there is no shortage on the marketoutdoor fernsable to survive the winter cold.
In both cases, thefernsthey need a humid environment and a very bright area but not in direct contact with the sun's rays. Younger fronds, when exposed to the sun, can burn and immediately appear dry and withered.
How to grow outdoor ferns
Betweenferns to grow in the garden, outdoors, varieties derived from three species can survive the winter:
- Dryopteris erythrosora
- Phyllitis scolopendrium
- Falcatum Cyrtomium
- Asplenium trichomanes
In particular, Asplenium trichomanes is onefernsuitable for all gardens in Italy, it is very rustic and withstands temperatures down to -15 ° C. It has leaves up to 20 cm long and grows well in calcareous soils, so green light for irrigation with tap water! This fern is particularly suitable for both home cultivation (in pots) and in the garden, even for the construction of a rock garden. It is commonly known as russet grass or maidenhair and is a perennial plant with very suggestive shapes. Its common name is splendid.
The photo above shows the Asplenium trichomanes fern, also known as the maidenhair fern.
If grown indoors, ferns need constant nebulizations with distilled water (you can also recover it from the air conditioner). Most ferns need to be irrigated with non-calcareous water.
For home cultivation, the choice of Asplenium trichomanes also solves the problem of the soil pH reaction: using tap water, the soil becomes alkaline so as to adapt perfectly to the needs of the plant.
Much more freedom for outdoor ferns as, receiving rainwater, they largely meet the water needs through the natural humidity of the soil. Irrigation, for ferns grown outdoors, must be carried out only in the absence of rain, therefore from spring to summer, keeping the soil moderately moist.
Ferns, diseases and cures
If thefernpresentsDry leavesthere may be ongoing water stress. If thefernpresentsdiscolored leaves, probably receives an excess of sun while if the plant presentscrumpled or enriched leaves, probably the temperature is too high, in this case black hems also appear. Black spots on fern leaves could indicate rot caused by excess moisture and water (perhaps you are watering too much).
For more information on the diseases and treatments to be distributed to ferns, we refer you to the page: leaves with dry tips